The Persian Empire is one of the most mysterious major civilizations in the ancient world. Persia became an. The name " Cyrus " (a transliteration of the Greek Kυρoς) is the Greek version of the Old-Persian kûruš or Khûrvaš meaning "sun-like": the noun khûr denotes. The Persian Empire is one of the most mysterious major civilizations in the ancient world. Persia became an. The existence of the decree has been challenged. Cyrus the Great ca. The Arts of Leadership and War. He presented himself not as a conqueror, but a liberator and the legitimate successor to the crown. In October bce , the greatest city of the ancient world fell to the Persians. Before leaving Babylon, Cyrus also freed the Israelites by allowing them to return to their native land, effectively ending the Babylonian captivity. Cambyses continued his father's policy of expansion, and managed to capture Egypt for the empire, but soon died, after only seven years of rule. Do not therefore begrudge me this bit of earth that covers my bones. Although the cylinder reflects a long tradition in Mesopotamia where, as early as the third millennium B. A History of the Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period: How a Persian monarch inspired Jefferson, http: Retrieved from " https: People have swallowed elixirs, inhaled vapors, and applied ointments in the name of healing for millennia. Cyrus was also eulogized by many other writers and his actual or legendary exploits were used as moral instruction or as a source of inspiration for political philosophies. The History of Iran. The Jewish Bible's Ketuvim ends in Second Chronicles with the decree of Cyrus, which returned the exiles to the Promised Land from Babylon along with a commission to rebuild the temple. Facebook Twitter YouTube Instagram Pinterest.